Before the introduction in 1872 of the metric system in the German Empire, almost every town had its own definitions of the units of measurement.
Often towns posted the local definitions on a wall of the city hall. The smallest known Elle is 402.8 mm (15.86 in), the longest 811 mm (31.9 in).
The front wall of the old city hall, built in in 1524 in late Gothic style, shows the “Rudolstädter Elle”. It was a standard length for cloth and canvas merchants.
Charlemagne (800 – 814 AD) brought a consistent system of measures across the entire empire, which were derived from ancient Roman measures. After his death many rulers within the empire introduced their own variants of the units of measure.
Charlemagne had been also been faced with a variety of currencies at the start of his reign. He standardized a system based on a pound of silver. The denarius was minted with a value of 240 to a pound of silver. A second value, the solidus, was also created as an accounting device with a value of one twentieth of a pound of silver.
The groundswell for the kindergarten movement in Australia began at a time of great concern for many young children living with their families, who had no access to appropriate education.
In August of 1895, a meeting of kindergarten enthusiasts was held and those present formed themselves into a provisional committee of The Kindergarten Union. They were led by the well known feminist and educator Maybanke Anderson.
The stated objectives of this committee were to:
set forth kindergarten principles,
endeavour to introduce those principles into every school,
open Free Kindergartens wherever possible.
In the first ten years, the Kindergarten Union founded a training college and trained over 200 students.
Youth receive exciting new discoveries, reminding us all of the simpler joys and excitement of the early years of life. Elders share important lessons and events from the past.
Cards and letters made by students were recently presented to Miss Wetterhahn at Crisan’s Romanian Bakery, an Albany café in Stella’s Center Square neighborhood in Albany.
As much as 80 years separate the recipient of these student messages and the RCS young people who created them.
Ella Wetterhahn, also known at Stella, lives in Albany and is a 93-year-old veteran who served as an Army Nurse in the European Theater during WWII. She has been the subject of two Albany Times Union articles over the years, one in which she was interviewed about her experiences in World War II in which she served her country with conviction and bravery.
Inter generational activities enrich the soul but also expand awareness, elevate the metacognitive quality of empathy, and provide learning experiences back and forth across generations.
The story of the founding of Kindergarten by Friedrich Froebel and the tireless work of his friend and advocate, Baroness von Marenholtz-Buelow.
Opening the doors of cultural luminaries and European nobility to Froebel’s ideas, the noblewoman from the ancient von Buelow family is often dubbed "the mother of Kindergarten" just as Froebel is referred to as "the father of Kindergarten."
In this picture book for children, the author joins through literature the lives and contributions of two of the world’s greatest proponents of children’s education, which are still relevant today.
The Froebel star carries the name of the German educationist Friedrich Fröbel 1782–1852, founder of the Kindergarten concept. He encouraged the use of paper folding with the aim of conveying simple mathematical concepts to children.